Maanaji'iwin - Respect
The buffalo represents respect. The buffalo gives every part of his/her being to sustain human life, not because he/she is of less value, but because he respects the balance and needs of others. To honour all creation is to have respect. We must share what we do not need and treat others the way we wish to be treated
Zaagi'idiwin - Love
The eagle represents love because he/she has the strength to carry all the teachings. The eagle has the ability to fly closest to the creator and the sight to see all ways of being. The eagle’s feather is the highest honour and a sacred gift.
Gikendaasowin - Wisdom
The beaver represents wisdom. He/she uses his/her natural gifts wisely and alters his/her environment in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner. To cherish knowledge is to know wisdom. This Grandfather teaching reminds us to recognize differences in a kind and respectful way and continuously observe the life of all things to allow ourselves to learn.
Aakode'ewin - Bravery
The bear represents bravery. A mother bear is fierce protecting her young who are facing the challenges of life. The Grandfather teaching reminds us to find our inner strength to face difficulties and find the courage to be ourselves.
Debwemowin - Truth
The turtle represents truth. The turtle lives life in a slow and meticulous way, because he/she understands the importance of both journey and the destination. The Grandfather teaching reminds us to put faith firsts, trust in our teachings, and be true to others and ourselves.
Gawegaatisiwi - Honesty
The raven represents honesty. A raven accepts him/herself and knows how to use his/her gifts. The raven does not seek power rather uses what he has been given to survive and thrive.
Dabasenimowin - Humility
The wolf represents humility. In nature, the wolf lives selflessly for his/her pack. The Grandfather teaching reminds us to find balance within all living things and ourselves. We must respect our place and praise the accomplishments of others.
Pagitentamowin - Forgiveness
The rock represents forgiveness. The eighth Grandfather teaching is unique to the Treaty 3 Anishinaabe Territory. The Elders of our territory recognized that in Anishinaabe culture everything comes in even numbers. From the creation of life, to the seasons, to the songs of the Pow Wow ‐ all numbers are even. A ceremony revealed the final Grandfather teaching of forgiveness represented by the rock. The rock or “assin” carries history and ancestry. It has witnessed change in weather, people, and animals since creation. Rocks have the power to heal and forgiveness has the power to heal. Rocks in the Anishinaabe culture help cleanse and take illness away ‐ physically, emotionally and mentally. The Grandfather teaching reminds us that it is better to forgive and move forward than to fill our pockets with the heavy weights of resentment as we journey forth.